Rouhollah Khaleghi, (18 September 1906 - 12 November 1965), Persian composer,  theoretician and music historian, was born in 1906 in a musically minded family.   He  first   became  acquainted  with  the  tar,   but  later started to learn to play the violin.  As soon  as Ali-Naqi Vaziri established   his   School of Music, Khaleghi  left  school   and joined Vaziri's school, where he studied for eight years. Soon he became  his  master's  assistant  and  was  placed in  charge  of teaching music theory. He later  continued  his  education  and obtained   a  B.A.  degree  in Persian  Language  and  Literature from Tehran University.


In 1944  Khaleghi  established  the  Persian National  Music  Society and  in  1949,  thanks  to  the  efforts  of  this   great  artist, the  National School of Music was founded in Tehran. After  his  first  journey to the former U.S.S.R. in 1955, he became involved in the  Iran-Soviet Society  and   was    selected   as   a member  of   its  Board  of Directors.


He also began to serve as the editor of the Payam-e-Novin Magazine. His work, The History of Persian  Music,  which was  published  in  two  volumes,  took  shape during  these  years.  Khaleghi also wrote the third volume of this book during his life but for political reasons asked his wife Iranolmolouk to publish it after his death. His other published works include: Harmony  of  [Western]  Music A Glance at the Theory  of  [Western]  Music,  and  A Glance at the Theory  of [Persian] Music.


For many  years  Khaleghi  worked  as  a  musical  advisor  for  Radio  Iran  and  was  one  of   the founders of the program known as Golha. He also  conducted the  Golha Orchestra,  for  which  he composed many pieces and  revised  the  original  compositions  of  his contemporaries as well as older masters, such as Aref Ghazvini and   Ali-Akbar Sheyda.    Although   revised,   the   compositions   retained   all   their   original  characteristics.

Khaleghi's compositions are not limited to what he wrote  for   Golha. In addition to such  works as  Mey-e-Nab  (Fine Wine), Ah-e  Sahar (Sigh of Dawn),   Hala  Chera (Why  Now?), and Chang-e-Rudaki (Rudaky's Lyre), he composed many other lyrical pieces and  hymns,  which  were mostly patriotic.  These include such works as Ey Iran and the An Anthem for Azarbayjan.


Rouhollah Khaleghi passed on November 12, 1965 in Salzburg, Austria, due to complications following ulcer surgury. His remains is buried at Zahiroddoleh Cemetry in Tehran.