Ali Tajvidi was born in 1919. His father was Hadi Tajvidi, a miniaturist, and a student of the great Persian artist Kamal-ol-Molk. Hadi had studied the tar with Darvish Khan. Ali Tajvidi learned the basics of Persian music from his father and his uncle, and by age twelve could sing along as his father played the tar.
Ali Tajvidi was sent to the Boy Scout school, where he learned to play the flute and the ney with Zahireddini. He then went to the Darolfonun (Tehran's Polytechnic School) and studied music notation with Moussa Maroufi. His violin teachers were Sepehri, Hossein Yahaqi, and Abolhassan Saba. Saba encouraged him to learn the Western technique of the violin as well, and sent him to Melik Abrahamian and Babgen Nambrazian. Tajvidi also studied the radif with Haj Aqa Irani Mojarrad. He studied harmony and instrumentation with Houshang Ostovar and arranged most of his own works for orchestra.
After 1941, Tajvidi performed regularly as a violin soloist in Radio Iran programs. In later years, he conducted two orchestras, for which he wrote numerous compositions. Asheqi Sheyda, Be Yad-e Saba, Atash-e Karevan, Didi ke Rosva Shod Delam, and Sang-e Khara are among his best known works.
Tajvidi was appointed professor at the School of National Music after Abolhassan Saba’s death. He also taught music at Tehran University for many years. He has written a three-volume book, entitled Persian Music, which has been released by the Sorush Publishing Company. In 1998 his musical accomplishments were honored and recognized by the Persian Government and he was awarded an artistic medal, which is the equivalent of an honorary doctoral degree.
Ali Tajvidi died in Tehran on March 14, 2006, at age 86.