Baba Taher Oryan

Not much is known for certain about Baba Taher Oryan Hamadani. The date of his birth and death are unknown, but one source indicates that he died in 1019 C.E. If this is accurate, then Baba Taher was a contemporary of Ferdowsi and Abu Ali Sina (Avicenna) and an immediate precursor of Omar Khayyam. It is said that he lived for seventy-five years.

 

Baba Taher Oryan Hamadani was one of the Ahl-e Haqq sect (Dervish, or Follower of Truth), and his sister   Bibi Fateme was equally respected by this community. His name reveals a good deal about him: Hamadani refers to the fact that he was from the city of Hamadan and that he was a learned man (Hama dan in Persian means knowing all things). His popular name, Oryan (The Naked), implies that he was a dervish, an inspired beggar who eschewed all personal property.

Baba Taher is known for his dobeyti, four-line poems that do not observe the common robai meter, although Persians refer to the quatrains of Baba Taher as roabaiyat. Baba Taherís poems are recited throughout Persia to the accompaniment of the setar (three-stringed viol or lute). The quatrains (actually dobeyti, or two-line metric poems) of Baba Taher are written in local Hamadani dialect. They have an amorous and mystical connotation, rather than a philosophical one. His tomb is in Hamadan.