Farrokhzad was born in Tehran on January 5, 1935. She attended public
schools through the ninth grade. She then transferred to Kamal-ol-Molk
Technical School, where she studied dressmaking and painting.
In 1951, at
age sixteen, Forouq married her cousin, the artist Parviz Shapour, over
the objections of both families on account of Shapour's age. One year
later, Forouq's only son, Kamyar, was born. Forouq separated from Parviz
Shapour in 1954.
In 1955 Forouq's first collection was published, forty-four poems under
the title Asir (The Captive). In July 1956, Forouq published her
second volume of verse, Divar (The Wall), containing twenty-five
short lyrics. She dedicated it to her former husband. Forouq's
relationship with the controversial writer and cinematographer Ebrahim
Golestan was important in the poet's personal life from the time it
began in 1958 until her death.
collection, Esian (Rebellion), appeared in 1958, securely
establishing her as promising yet
poet. Far ahead of her time in the mid-1950s, Forouq clearly voiced in
such poems as
Call to Arms, and
To My Sister her
feelings about conventional marriage, the plight of women in Persia, and
her own situation as a wife and mother no longer able to live a
conventional life. As a divorced female poet in Tehran, she attracted
much attention and considerable disapproval. One of her short-lived
relationships with men is described in
In 1962 Forouq made a documentary film about a leper colony,
entitled The House Is Black. The movie was acclaimed
internationally and won several prizes. In 1963 UNESCO produced a
thirty-minute film about her, and Bernardo Bertolucci came to Persia to
interview her and decided to produce a film about her life. In 1964
Forouq's fourth poetry collection, Tavallodi Digar (Another Birth)
was published, contained thirty-five poems that she had composed over a
period of nearly six years. In 1965 Forouq's fifth collection, Let Us
Believe in the Beginning of the Cold Season, was completed, but it
was not published until after her death.
On Monday, February 14, 1967 Forouq lost her life in a car
accident. She was barely thirty-two years old and at the height of her
creativity. She is buried in the Zahiredoleh Cemetery in Tehran.