Fereydoun Moshiri

Fereydoun Moshiri was born in August 1927 in Tehran. From an early age, Moshiri was attracted to the arts, especially literature. By 1946 he had lost both his parents and found himself obliged to work for the Persian Ministry of Post and Telegraph.


Before he was a poet, Moshiri was a journalist. This profession, which he entered at the age of fifteen, acquainted him with such influential figures as Dehkhoda, Pourdavoud, and Moin. In fact, it was interviewing these major figures of Persian literature that encouraged him to publish his first volume of poetry in 1956, entitled Teshne-ye Tufan (Thirsting for the Storm). Two years later, this book was revised with additional poems and published under a new title: Nayafte. Moshiri's second book, Gonah-e darya was published in 1956. Most of the poems in this book contain shadows of despair and darkness from Moshiri's youth. 1968 saw the publication of Bahar ra bavar kon, a wide-ranging collection of reflections on life and death, love and destiny, and the universe as a whole.


Az Khamushi, published in 1978, deals with the common pains and sufferings of all humankind in the era of 20th century. Moshiri's poetry in his last two books, Ah, Baran (Oh, The Rain), published in 1988, and Ta Sobh-e Tabnak-e Ahurai (Until the Bright Ahuric Dawn), published in 2001, deal with peace, friendship, and loving and serving mankind.


Moshiri followed the lead of the originators of the so-called “new verse,” whose goal is to use rhyme in a suitable and rational manner, maintain delicate feeling and sensation, and take a new look at nature and the human environment.


In 1979, at the dawn of the Islamic Revolution, Moshiri composed the lyrics for a composition by Golnoush Khaleghi, entitled Azadi (Liberation), which is a patriotic hymn calling on all men and women to fight for freedom. In 1990 Golnoush asked him to write new lyrics to Bahar-e Asheq, a composition by Rouhollah Khaleghi with lyrics originally written by Rahi Moayyeri. She had arranged this piece for orchestra, but the Islamic government authorities denied permission to perform it. At that time, Rahi Moayyeri was considered a poet with links to the previous regime and public performance of his works was forbidden. The new version was named Negah-e Asheq and was recorded in the cassette tape collection Mey-e Nab. This work has been re-mastered in a CD collection, Remembering My Father, produced by RKAC in 2005.


After a five-year-long struggle with leukemia and renal failure, Moshiri passed away on Tuesday, October 24, 2000, in Tehran.