Moussa Maroufi, the son of Mohammad Esmail Amin-ol-Molk, was born in Tehran in 1889. One of the people who frequented his fatherís home was Aqa Youssef Souratgar, the photographer at the court of Nassereddin Shah. Souratgar also played the setar. The young Moussa, at first a student of photography with Souratgar, soon became interested in playing the setar also. In 1918 he began studying the tar with Darvish Khan. He had a keen interest in learning the theory of music and studied music notation with Hossein Khan Hangafarin.
When Alinaqi Vaziri founded his School of Music in 1924, Moussa Maroufi was one of the first students who joined the school. He collaborated with Vaziri on many levels, and most of the music notation examples in Vaziriís books were written by him.
Alinaqi Vaziri, prior to traveling to Europe to study music, had accumulated several notebooks containing the radifs by Mirza Abdollah and Aqa Hossein-Qoli. Moussa Maroufi had already learned Darvish Khanís version of the radif, which was somewhat shorter than the radif played by the masters who preceded him. Therefore, Maroufi decided to combine the radifs of Mirza Abdollah and Aqa Hossein-Qoli with that of Darvish Khan and other notes provided by Mehdiqoli Hedayat. The Ministry of Culture and Art published this valuable collection of the radif of Persian classical music in 1963, with a foreword by Mehdi Barkeshli.
Moussa Maroufi was one of the first musicians who performed at Radio Iran. He worked closely with Rouhollah Khaleghi and was a member of the National Music Society Orchestra. He taught at the School of National Music from the very beginning of its founding and has trained many of the countryís finest musicians. Several of his works were included in the instrumental methods that were published by Khaleghi for the School of National Music.
Moussa Maroufi died in 1965 in Tehran.